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README iRefIndex expanded MITAB proposal

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NoteNote

This is an expansion of the MITAB format that was proposed for use in iRefIndex 7.0 and subsequent releases; it does not correspond to any released product and is considered obsolete.

This proposal is based on the experimental form of the iRefIndex MITAB format found at http://irefindex.uio.no/wiki/README_iRefIndex_experiment_MITAB_6.0

Look for xxx for things that need to be changed to create a version specific form of this README. Look for CHANGE for items that differ significantly from the current MITAB format.

This format is based on recent changes agreed upon by the PSI-MI working group in Turku, Finland.

See also:

Last edited: xxx

Applies to iRefIndex release: xxx

Release date: xxx

Download location: xxx

Authors: Ian Donaldson, Sabry Razick, Paul Boddie

Database: iRefIndex (http://irefindex.uio.no)

Organization: Biotechnology Centre of Oslo, University of Oslo (http://www.biotek.uio.no/)

Note: this distribution includes only those data that may be freely distributed under the copyright license of the source database. See Description below. xxx

Contents

Description

This file describes the contents of the

xxx

directory and the format of the tab-delimited text files contained within. Each index file follows the PSI-MITAB2.5 format with additional columns for annotating edges and nodes. Each line in PSI-MITAB2.5 format represents a single interaction record from an experiment . Assignment of source interaction records to these redundant groups is described at http://irefindex.uio.no. The PSI-MI2.5 format plus additional columns are described at the end of the file.

Details on the build process are available from the publication PMID 18823568.

There are two sets of data free and proprietary. Free version includes only those data that may be freely distributed under the copyright license of the source database. This includes data from BIND, BioGRID, IntAct, MINT, MPPI and OPHID.

iRefIndex also integrates data from CORUM, DIP, HPRD and MPact. These data are not distributed publicly. These data may be made available to academic users under a collaborative agreement.

Contact ian.donaldson at biotek.uio.no if you are interested in using the iRefIndex database or would like your database included in the public release of the index.

Sources http://irefindex.uio.no/wiki/Sources_iRefIndex_xxx
Statistics http://irefindex.uio.no/wiki/Statistics_iRefIndex_xxx
Download location ftp://ftp.no.embnet.org/irefindex/data/archive/xxx

Directory contents

README pointer to this file at http://irefindex.uio.no/wiki/README_iRefIndex_MITAB_xxx
Sources pointer to data files for this release at http://irefindex.uio.no/wiki/Sources_iRefIndex_xxx
Statistics pointer to statisitics for this release at http://irefindex.uio.no/wiki/Statistics_iRefIndex_xxx
xxxx.mitab.mmddyyyy.txt.zip individual indices in PSI-MITAB2.5 format

iRefIndex data is distributed as a set of tab-delimited text files with names of the form xxxx.mitab.mmddyyyy.txt.zip where mmddyyyy represents the file's creation date.

The complete index is available as All.mitab.mmddyyyy.txt.zip .

Taxon specific data sets are also available for:

Taxon Id
Homo sapiens 9606 (human)
Mus musculus 10090 (mouse)
Rattus norvegicus 10116 (brown rat)
Caenorhabditis elegans 6239 (nematode)
Drosophila melanogaster 7227 (fruit fly)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae 4932 (baker's yeast)
Escherichia coli. 562 (E. Coli)
Other other
All all

Taxon specific subsets of the data are named xxxx.mitab.mmddyyyy.txt.zip where xxxx is the taxonomy identifier of at least one of the interactors according to either the source interaction database or the sequence database record. Each zip compressed file contains a single text file with the corresponding name xxxx.mitab.mmddyyyy.txt.

In some cases, other objects may belong to other taxons if a virus-host interaction is being represented or if a protein from another organism has been used to model a protein in the specified organism.

Taxonomy identifiers are provided in the data sets allowing these exceptions to be identified. The taxonomy identifiers listed are derived from the source protein sequence record. In some cases, this taxonomy identifier will be a child of the taxon listed in the file's title; for example, Escherichia coli K12 (taxonomy identifier 83333) will appear in the Escherichia coli (taxonomy identifier 562) file.

A description of the NCBI taxon identifiers is available at the following location:

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?db=taxonomy

The above data taxon division scheme leads to duplications; for instance, an interaction present in the mouse index could also appear in the human index if the interaction record lists protein sequence records from both human and mouse. The All.mitab.mmddyyyy file is a complete and non-redundant listing.

The data format and divisions provided in this initial release were chosen in the hopes that they would be immediately useful to the largest possible set of users. Other formats and divisions are possible and we welcome your input on future releases.

Changes from last version

xxx

Known Issues

xxx

Understanding the iRefIndex MITAB format

iRefIndex is distributed in PSI-MITAB format. This format was originally described in a recent PSI-MI paper (PMID 17925023).

Since this PSI-MITAB format allows for only two interactors to be described on each line, it is best suited for describing binary interaction data (the original experiment, say yeast two hybrid, gives a binary readout). However, other source PSI-MI XML source records will describe interactions involving only one interactor type (dimers or multimers) or they will contain associative or (a.k.a "n-ary") interaction data (say from immunoprecipitation experiments where the exact interactions between any pair of interactors are unknown. These cases are problematic for the PSI-MITAB format. This README describes exactly how we use the MITAB format to describe these alternate (non-binary) interaction types.

CHANGE

Each row in the MITAB file represents a **single** interaction record from one primary data source.

Previously, each line represented a **collection** of interaction records where each member of this collection describes an interaction involving the exact same set of proteins (as defined by their primary sequence and taxon ids). We have moved to representing a single interaction on each line since this allows us to convey additional information about each of the original source records. Users can still "collapse" or find all lines that describe an interaction between the same set of proteins by using the "RIG" (column xxx). Rows with identical rigids (redundant interaction group identifiers) all describe interactions between the same set of proteins.

The natural keys for each interaction record in this group (i.e. the record identifiers from the source database) are listed under interactionIdentifier (column xxx). For example:

intact:EBI-761694

CHANGE

Our surrogate (primary) key for a group of redundant interaction records (RIG) is no longer listed in column xxx. 
Only, the source database record is listed in this column.  The source db name and record id (separated by a colon) 
are given in this column. The RIG identifier is now listed (by itself) in column xxx.

The RIG identifier is a 27 character key that is derived from the ROGIDs of the interactors involved in the interaction record (see columns xxx and xxx). The RIG identifier is listed (by itself) in column xxx for convenience. The ROGID is a SHA-1 digest of the protein interactor's primary amino acid sequence concatenated with the NCBI taxon id (see the paper for details).

Sometimes source interaction records in PSI-MI format only list one interactor. These are cases where either 1) an intramolecular interaction is being represented or 2) a multimer (3 or more) of some protein is being represented. These records are difficult to represent in the PSI-MITAB format because PSI-MITAB requires that each row (interaction) list two interactors. The way we handle this is to list the ROG identifier for the single interactor twice (once in each of columns xxx and xxx) of the MITAB. The RIG identifier for these interactions will be the SHA-1 digest of the interactor’s ROG id (see column xxx). These interactions are marked by a Y in column xxx (see the README).

Note that column xxx may also contain a C. This indicates that the MITAB entry describes membership of a protein in some complex. These entries correspond to PSI-MI records where more than two interactors are listed (associative interaction data; a.k.a. n-ary data cf. binary data). In these cases, the first column holds the ROG identifier of the complex and the second column contains the ROG id of the protein. We refer to this method of representation as a bi-partite model since there are two kinds of nodes corresponding to complexes and proteins.

As an example, let’s say that a source interaction record contained interactors A, B and C found by affinity purification and mass-spec where a tagged version of protein A was used as the bait protein to perform the immunoprecipitation.

Then we would represent the complex in the MITAB file using three lines: X-A, X-B, and X-C. All three entries would have the same string in column 1 (the RIG id for the complex). All three entries would have the same string in column 21 (again, the RIG id for the complex) All three entries would have a C in column xxx.

xxx

Other databases take an interaction record with multiple interactors (n-ary data) and make a list of binary interactions (based on the spoke or matrix model) and then list these binary interactions in the MITAB. For the example above, using a spoke model to transform the data into a set of binary interactions, these data would be represented using two lines in the MITAB file: A-B and A-C. Here A is chosen as the "hub" of the spoke model since it was the "bait" protein. For experimental systems that do not have "baits" and "preys" (e.g. x-ray crystallography), an arbitrary protein might be chosen as the bait.

Alternatively, a matrix model might be used to transform the n-ary data into a list of binary interactions. Here all pairwise combinations of interactors in the original n-ary data are represented as binary interactions. So, in the above example, the immunoprecipitated complex would be represented using three lines of the MITAB file: A-B, B-C, and A-C.

All three methods for representing n-ary data in a MITAB file (bi-partite, spoke, and matrix) are different representations of the same data.

We have chosen to use the bi-partite method of representation so that it is impossible to mistake spoke or matrix binary entries for true binary entries; the identifiers used for complexes will, of course, not appear in a protein database and any programme that tries to treat complex identifiers as though they were protein identifiers will fail. The method allows you to reconstruct the members of the original interaction record that describes a complex of proteins (say from an affinity purification experiment). From there, you can choose to make a spoke or matrix model by yourself if you want.

xxx Users are advised that other databases will use spoke and matrix model representations of complexes. In these cases, column xxx will indicate this fact. The pairs of proteins found in these entries do not necessarily represent observations of real binary interactions: they merely represent membership in some larger list of proteins observed to be somehow associated.

For binary interaction data, column xxx will contain an X. Two protein interactor ROGIDs will be listed in columns 1 and 2.

License

Data released on this public ftp site are released under the Creative Commons Attribution License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/. This means that you are free to use, modify and redistribute these data for personal or commercial use so long as you provide appropriate credit. See next section.

iRefIndex data distributed on the FTP site includes only those data that may be freely distributed under the copyright license of the source database. This includes data from BIND, BioGRID, IntAct, MINT, MPPI and OPHID.

iRefIndex also integrates data from CORUM, DIP, HPRD and MPact. These data are not distributed publicly. These data may be made available to academic users under a collaborative agreement.

Contact ian.donaldson at biotek.uio.no if you are interested in using the iRefIndex database or would like your database included in the public release of the index.

Copyright © 2008-2010 Ian Donaldson

Citation

Credit should include citing the iRefIndex paper (PMID 18823568) and any of the source databases upon which this resource is based. See http://irefindex.uio.no for appropriate citations.

Disclaimer

Data is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

Description of PSI-MITAB2.5 file

Each line in this file represents either

  1. an interaction between two proteins (binary interaction) or
  2. the membership of a protein in some complex (complex membership) or
  3. an interaction that involves only one protein type (multimer or self-interaction).

See column xxx for more details.



Column number: 1 (uidA)

Column name: uidA
Column type: Integer
Description: Unique identifier for the canonical group to which interactor A belongs.
Example:
irefindex:2345

Notes

CHANGE This column contains an internal, integer key for the canonical group to which interactor A belongs.

A alphanumeric equivalent of this key (that can be generated by anyone, i.e., universal) appears in column 41. See the notes for column 41 for more details on how protein identifiers were mapped from the original database record to this key.

Column 3 lists database names and accessions that belong to this group. Members of a canonical group do not all necessarily have the same sequence (although they all belong to the same taxon). Members of a canonical group may include splice isoform products from the same or related genes. One member of the canonical group is chosen to represent the entire group. The identifier for that canonical representative is listed in this column.

The identifier listed here is stable from one release of iRefIndex to another starting from release 6.0.

Internal note: Also referred to as iROG-A.


Column number: 2 (uidB)

Column name: uidB
Column type: Integer
Description: Unique identifier for the canonical group to which interactor B belongs. Also referred to as iROG-B.
Example:
irefindex:456543

Notes

See notes for column 1.


Column number: 3 (altA)

Column name: altA
Column type: a|b: pipe-delimited set of strings
Description: Alternative identifiers for interactor A
Example:
uniprotkb:P23367|refseq:NP_418591|entrezgene/locuslink:948691

Notes

Column 3 lists database names and accessions that belong to the same canonical group. Members of a canonical group do not all necessarily have the same sequence (although they all belong to the same taxon). Members of a canonical group may include splice isoform products from the same or related genes. One member of the canonical group is chosen to represent the entire group. The identifier for that canonical representative is listed in column 1.

Each pipe-delimited entry is a database_name:accession pair delimited by a colon. Database names are taken from the MI controlled vocabulary at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/ontology-lookup/browse.do?ontName=MI Database references listed in this column may include the following:

uniprotkb
The accessions this protein is known by in UniProt(http://www.uniprot.org/). More information regarding this protein can be retrieved using this accession from UniProt. See the AC line in the flat file. http://au.expasy.org/sprot/userman.html#AC_line.
refseq
If a protein accession exists in the RefSeq data base (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/RefSeq/) that reference is indicated here. More information about this protein can be obtained from RefSeq using this accession.
entrezgene/locuslink
NCBI gene Identifiers for the gene encoding this protein. See ftp://ftp.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/gene/DATA/gene2refseq column GeneID given protein's accession.version
other
If none of the three identifier types are available then other databasename:accession pairs will be listed. These database names may not follow the MI controlled vocabulary.

Example:

emb:CAA44868.1|gb:AAA23715.1|gb:AAB02995.1|emb:CAA56736.1|uniprot:P24991
irefindex
If the node represents a complex, then the rogid for the complex will be listed here, such as the following:
irefindex:xBr9cTXgzPLNxsaKiYyHcoEm/DM

Column number: 4 (altB)

Column name: altB
Column type: a|b: pipe-delimited set of strings
Description: Alternative identifiers for interactor B
Example:
uniprotkb:P06722|refseq:NP_417308|entrezgene/locuslink:947299

Notes

See notes for column 3.

Column number: 5 (aliasA)

Column name: aliasA
Column type: a|b: pipe-delimited set of strings
Description: Aliases for interactor A
Example:
uniprotkb:MUTL_ECOLI|entrezgene/locuslink:mutL

Notes

Each pipe-delimited entry is a databasename:alias pair delimited by a colon. Database names are taken from the PSI-MI controlled vocabulary at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/ontology-lookup/browse.do?ontName=MI

Database names and sources listed in this column may include the following:

uniprotkb:entry name
the entry name given by UniProt. See Entry name in the ID line of the flat file. http://au.expasy.org/sprot/userman.html#ID_line
entrezgene/locuslink:symbol
the NCBI gene symbol for the gene encoding this protein. See ftp://ftp.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/gene/DATA/gene_info column Symbol given GeneID
irefindex:complex
If the node is a complex then irefindex:complex will be listed here.
NA
NA may be listed here if aliases are Not Available

Column number: 6 (aliasB)

Column name: aliasB
Column type: a|b: pipe-delimited set of strings
Description: Aliases for interactor B
Example:
uniprotkb:MUTH_ECOLI|entrezgene/locuslink:mutH

Notes

See notes for column 5.

Column number: 7 (Method)

Column name: Method
Column type: string
Description: Interaction detection method
Example:
MI:0039(2h fragment pooling)

Notes

CHANGE

Only a single method will appear in this column. Previously, multiple methods appeared. Both the controlled vocabulary term identifier for the method (e.g. MI:0399) and the controlled vocabulary term short label in brackets (e.g. 2h fragment pooling) will appear in this column. See http://www.ebi.ac.uk/ontology-lookup/browse.do?ontName=MI to look up controlled vocabulary term identifiers.

The interaction detection method is from the original record. Path for PSI-MI 2.5:

entrySet/entry/experimentList/experimentDescription/interactionDetectionMethod/names/shortLabel/


CHANGE

If a controlled vocabulary term identifier was not provided by the source database then an attempt was made to use the supplied short label to find the correct term identifier. If a term identifier could not be found, then MI:0000 will appear before the shortLabels.


NA or -1 may appear in place of a recognised shortLabel.

For example:

MI:0000(-1)
MI:0000(NA)

xxx Sabry check above that there is only one method per line and that the normailzed cv term id is used when appropriate and check what is used when no mapping can be made.

Column number: 8 (author)

Column name: author
Column type: a|b: pipe-delimited set of strings
Description:
Example:
hall-1999-1|hall-1999-2|mansour-2001-1|mansour-2001-2|hall-1999

Notes

According to MITAB2.5 format this column should contain a pipe-delimited list of author surnames in which the interaction has been shown.

CHANGE

This column will usually include only one author name reference. However, some experimental evidences have secondary references which could be included here.

xxx Sabry Check this

Column number: 9 (pmids)

Column name: pmids
Column type: a|b: pipe-delimited set of strings
Description: PubMed Identifiers
Example:
pubmed:9880500|pubmed:11585365

Notes

This is a non-redundant list of PubMed identifiers pointing to literature that supports the interaction. According to MITAB2.5 format, this column should contain a pipe delimited set of databaseName:identifier pairs such as pubmed:12345. The source database name is always pubmed.

CHANGE

This column will usually include only one pubmed reference that describes where the experimental evidence is found. In some cases, secondary references will be included here.

xxx Sabry Check this


The special value - may appear in place of the identifiers.

Column number: 10 (taxa)

Column name: taxa
Column type: string
Description: Taxonomy identifier for interactor A
Example:
taxid:83333(Escherichia coli K-12)

Notes

The NCBI taxonomy identifier listed here is that of the sequence record for the interactor and may be different than what is listed in the interaction record. See the methods section for more details. See the NCBI taxonomy database at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?db=taxonomy . According to MITAB2.5 format, this column should contain a pipe delimited set of databaseName:identifier pairs such as taxid:12345. The source database name has been listed as taxid since it is always NCBI's taxonomy database. The value in this column will be NA if the interactor is a complex.

Column number: 11 (taxb)

Column name: taxb
Column type: string
Description: Taxonomy identifier for interactor B
Example:
taxid:83333(Escherichia coli K-12)

Notes

See notes for column 10.

Column number: 12 (interactionType)

Column name: interactionType
Column type: string
Description: Interaction Type from controlled vocabulary or short label
Example:
MI:0218(physical interaction)

Notes CHANGE

Only one interaction type will be present in each line of the file (previously, multiple types were listed).

The interaction type is taken from the PSI-MI controlled vocabulary and represented as...

database:identifier(interaction type)

...(when available in the interaction record) or Path for PSI-MI 2.5:

entrySet/entry/interactionList/interaction/interactionType/names/shortLabel

See http://www.ebi.ac.uk/ontology-lookup/browse.do?ontName=MI to lookup controlled vocabulary term identifiers for interaction types.

CHANGE

If the MI controlled vocabulary identifier was not provided by the source database, but a text description was provided, then an attempt was made to map the text to the correct controlled vocabulary term identifier. If this was not possible then MI:0000 is listed.

xxx Sabry discuss

NA may be listed here if the interaction type is not available (meaning that we could not find the interaction type in the record provided by the source database).

Column number: 13 (sourcedb)

Column name: sourcedb
Column type: String
Description: Source databases containing this interaction
Example:
MI:0469(intact)

Notes

Taken from the PSI-MI controlled vocabulary and represented as...

database:identifier(sourceName)

See http://www.ebi.ac.uk/ontology-lookup/browse.do?ontName=MI to lookup controlled vocabulary term identifiers for database sources.

CHANGE Only one source database will be listed in each row.

Column number: 14 (interactionIdentifier)

Column name: interactionIdentifier
Column type: String
Description: source interaction database and accession
Example:
intact:EBI-761694

Notes

Each reference is presented as a databaseName:identifier pair.

CHANGE

Only one source database reference will be listed in each row. The RIGID (from iRefIndex) is no longer listed in this column. See column xxx instead.

The source databaseNames that appear in this column are taken from the PSI-MI controlled vocabulary at http://www.ebi.ac.uk/ontology-lookup/browse.do?ontName=MI where possible

If an interaction record identifier is not provided by the source database, this entry will appear as

database-name:-


xxx Sabry check this

Column number: 15 (confidence)

Column name: confidence
Column type: a|b: pipe-delimited set of strings
Description: Confidence scores
Example:
lpr:1|hpr:12|np:1

Notes

Each reference is presented as a scoreName:score pair. Three confidence scores are provided: lpr, hpr and np.

PubMed Identifiers (PMIDs) point to literature references that support an interaction. A PMID may be used to support more than one interaction.

The lpr score (lowest pmid re-use) is the lowest number of distinct interactions (RIGIDs: see column 14) that any one PMID (supporting the interaction in this row) is used to support. A value of one indicates that at least one of the PMIDs supporting this interaction has never been used to support any other interaction. This likely indicates that only one interaction was described by that reference and that the present interaction is not derived from high throughput methods.

The hpr score (highest pmid re-use) is the highest number of interactions (RIGIDs: see column 14) that any one PMID (supporting the interaction in this row) is used to support. A high value (e.g. greater than 50) indicates that one PMID describes at least 50 other interactions and it is more likely that high-throughput methods were used.

The np score (number pmids) is the total number of unique PMIDs used to support the interaction described in this row.

- may appear in the score field, indicating the absence of a score value.



CHANGE

NEW

COLUMNS PAST THIS POINT (16 - 31) ARE PART OF THE NEW PSI-MITAB 2.6 FORMAT


Column number: 16 (expansion)

Column name: expansion
Column type: String
Description: Model used to convert n-ary data into binary data for purpose of export in MITAB file
Example:
bipartite

Notes For iRefIndex, this column will always contain either "bipartite" or "none".

Other databases may use either "spoke" or "matrix" or "none" in this column.

See Understanding_the_iRefIndex_MITAB_format at the top of this file for an explanation.

Column number: 17 (biological role A)

Column name: biological_role_A (change by Sabry from biological role A)
Column type: String
Description: Biological role of interactor A
Example:
MI:0501(enzyme)

Notes When provided by the source database, this includes single entry such as "MI:0501(enzyme)", MI:0502(enzyme target), MI:0580(electron acceptor), or MI:0499(unspecified role). See http://www.ebi.ac.uk/ontology-lookup/browse.do?ontName=MI to browse possible values for biological role.

xxx Sabry check this format

Sabry: For complexes and when no role specified this will be
unspecified role

Column number: 18 (biological role B)

Column name: biological_role_B (changed by Sabry from biological role B)
Column type: String
Description: Biological role of interactor B
Example:
MI:0501(enzyme)

Notes See notes for column 17.

Column number: 19 (experimental role A)

Column name: experimental_role_A (changed by Sabry from experimental role A)
Column type: String
Description: Indicates the experimental role of the interactor (such as bait or prey).
Example:
MI:0496(bait)
Example:
MI:0498(prey)

Notes

This column indicates the experimental role (if any was provided by the source database) that was played by interactor A (column 1).

See http://www.ebi.ac.uk/ontology-lookup/browse.do?ontName=MI to see definitions of bait and prey. as well as browse other possible values of experimental role that may appear in this column for other databases.

xxx Sabry check format

Sabry: For complexes and when no role specified this will be
MI:0499(unspecified role)

Column number: 20 (experimental role B)

Column name: experimental_role_B (changed by Sabry from experimental role B)
Column type: String
Description: Indicates the experimental role of the interactor (such as bait or prey).
Example:
MI:0496(bait)
Example:
MI:0498(prey)

Notes

This column indicates the experimental role (if any) that was played by interactor B (column 2).

See notes above for column 19.

Column number: 21 (interactor type A)

Column name: interactor_type_A (change by sabry from interactor type A)
Column type: string
Description: describes the type of molecule that A is
Example:
MI:0326(protein)

Notes

For iRefIndex, this will always be one of...

MI:0326(protein)
MI:0315(protein complex)

xxx Sabry check why - sometimes appear here

Column number: 22 (interactor type B)

Column name: interactor_type_B (change by sabry from interactor type B)
Column type: string
Description: describes the type of molecule that B is
Example:
MI:0326(protein)

Notes

See column 21.

Column number: 23 (xrefs A)

Column name: xrefs_A (changed from xrefs A by Sabry)
Column type: b: pipe-delimited set of strings
Description: xrefs for molecule A
Example: go:"GO:0016233"(telomere capping)

Notes

This is not used by iRefIndex. A dash ( - ) will always appear in this column.

This column may be used to list cross-references to annotation information for molecule A. For example, Gene Ontology identifiers or OMIM identifiers.

Column number: 24 (xrefs B)

Column name: xrefs_B (changed from xrefs B by Sabry)
Column type: b: pipe-delimited set of strings
Description: xrefs for molecule A
Example: -

Notes

This is not used by iRefIndex. A dash ( - ) will always appear in this column.

See notes to column 23.

Column number: 25 (xrefs Interaction)

Column name: xrefs_Interaction (changed from xrefs Interaction by Sabry)
Column type: b: pipe-delimited set of strings
Description: xrefs for the interaction
Example: go:"GO:0048786"(presynaptic active zone)

Notes

This is not used by iRefIndex. A dash ( - ) will always appear in this column.

This column may be used to list cross-references to annotation information for the interaction. For example, Gene Ontology identifiers or OMIM identifiers.

Column number: 26 (Annotations A)

Column name: Annotations_A (changed from Annotations A by Sabry)
Column type: b: pipe-delimited set of strings
Description: Annotations for molecule A
Example: This protein binds 7 zinc molecules

Notes

This is not used by iRefIndex. A dash ( - ) will always appear in this column.

This column may be used to list free-text annotation information for the interaction.

Some databases may use dataset:* or data-processing:* (where * is non-controlled free-text) in this column.

Column number: 27 (Annotations B)

Column name: Annotations_B (changed from Annotations B by Sabry)
Column type: string
Description: Annotations for molecule B
Example: -

Notes

This is not used by iRefIndex. A dash ( - ) will always appear in this column.

See notes to column 26.

Column number: 28 (Annotations Interaction)

Column name: Annotations Interaction
Column type: b: pipe-delimited set of strings
Description: Annotations for interaction
Example: prediction score:432|comment:prediction based on phage display consensus|author-confidence:8|comment:AD-ORFeome library used in the experiment. |Interaction of the NON_CORE set.|number of hits:1

pbs signal:-8.966|pbs category:B|figure-legend:NFA

Notes

This is not used by iRefIndex. A dash ( - ) will always appear in this column.

This column may be used to list free-text annotation information for the interaction. The keys used before the : (like "comment") are database specific and not controlled.

Some databases may use dataset:* or data-processing:* (where * is non-controlled free-text) in this column.

Column number: 29 (Host organism taxid)

Column name: Host_organism_taxid (Changed from Host organism taxid by Sabry)
Column type: string
Description: Host organism taxid where the interaction was experimentally demonstrated
Example: taxid:10090(Mus musculus)

Notes


Host organism taxid where the interaction was experimentally demonstrated. This may differ from the taxid of the interactors. Other possible entries are:

taxid:-1(in vitro)

taxid:-4(in vivo)

A dash ( - ) will be used when no information about the Host organism taxid is vailable

taxid:32644(unidentified) will be used when the source specify the Host organism taxid as 32644

xxx Sabry check format

Column number: 30 (parameters Interaction)

Column name: parameters_Interaction (changed from parameters Interaction by Sabry)
Column type: string
Description: Parameters for the interaction
Example: -

Notes

This is not used by iRefIndex. A dash ( - ) will always appear in this column.

Internal note : use of this column is not well-defined or characterized.

Column number: 31 (Creation date)

Column name: Creation_date (Changed from Creation date by sabry )
Column type: string (yyyy/mm/dd)
Description: When was the entry created.
Example: - 2010/05/06

Notes

This will be the release date of iRefIndex for all entries in this file.

This date will not match the date for the corresponding record in the source database.

Column number: 32 (Update date)

Column name: Update_date (Changed from Update date by Sabry)
Column type: string (yyyy/mm/dd)
Description: When was this record last updated?
Example: 2010/05/06


Notes

This will be the release date of iRefIndex for all entries in this file.

This date will not match the date for the corresponding record in the source database.

Column number: 33 (Checksum A)

Column name: Checksum_A (Changed from Checksum A by Sabry)
Column type: String
Description: Calculation of the checksum is as described in PMID 18823568.
Example:
rogid:hhZYhMtr5JC1lGIKtR1wxHAd3JY83333

Notes

This only applies if interactor A is of type protein. This value is a ROGID and is the same as column 39. See notes for column 39. This ROGID is calculated by iRefIndex. The source database should generate an equivalent ROGID value for one of the interactors in the same source record unless the underlying sequence has been updated during the iRefIndex build process.

Column number: 34 (Checksum B)

Column name: Checksum B
Column type: String
Description: Calculation of the checksum is as described in PMID 18823568.
Example:
rogid:hhZYhMtr5JC1lGIKtR1wxHAd3JY83333

Notes

This only applies if interactor B is of type protein. This value is a ROGID and is the same as column 40. See notes for column 40. This ROGID is calculated by iRefIndex. The source database should generate an equivalent ROGID value for one of the interactors in the same source record unless the underlying sequence has been updated during the iRefIndex build process.


Column number: 35 (Checksum Interaction)

Column name: Checksum_Interaction (Changed from Checksum Interaction by Sabry)
Column type: String
Description: Calculation of the checksum is as described in PMID 18823568.
Example:
rigid:3ERiFkUFsm7ZUHIRJTx8ZlHILRA

Notes This only applies if all interactors in the interaction are of type protein. This value is a RIGID and is the same as column 49. See notes for column 49. This RIGID is calculated by iRefIndex. The source database should generate an equivalent RIGID value for the same source record unless one of the participating protein interactor sequences has been updated during the iRefIndex build process.

Column number: 36 (Negative)

Column name: Negative
Column type: Boolean (true or false)
Description: Does the interaction record provide evidence that some interaction does NOT occur.
Example:
false

Notes

This value will be false for all lines in this file since iRefIndex does not include "negative" interactions from any of the source databases.


COLUMNS PAST THIS POINT (37 -) ARE NOT DEFINED BY THE PSI-MITAB2.6 STANDARD. THESE COLUMNS ARE SPECIFIC TO THIS IREFINDEX RELEASE AND MAY CHANGE FROM ONE RELEASE TO ANOTHER

Column number: 37 (OriginalReferenceA)

Column name: OriginalReferenceA
Column type: database name:accession
Description: Database name and reference used in the original interaction record to describe interactor A
Example:
uniprotkb:P23367

Notes

This is the protein reference that was found in the original interaction record to describe interactor A. It is a colon-delimited pair of database name and accession. It may be either the primary or secondary reference for the protein provided by the source database.

Sabry: For complexes this will be ROGID of complex

Column number: 38 (OriginalReferenceB)

Column name: OriginalReferenceB
Column type: database name:accession
Description: Database name and reference used in the original interaction record to describe interactor B
Example:
uniprotkb:P23367

Notes

See notes for column 33.


Column number: 39 (Before-C13N-ROGID-A)

Column name: Final_ROGID_A (Changed from Final-ROGID-A by sabry)
Column type: String
Description: Unique identifier for interactor A. Before Canonicalization (C13N).
Example:
rogid:hhZYhMtr5JC1lGIKtR1wxHAd3JY83333

Notes

CHANGE

This column contains a universal key for the interactor. It corresponds to the ROGID (redundant object group identifier) described in the original iRefIndex paper BEFORE canonicalization has been performed. PMID 18823568.

Protein references from the original interaction record (and a description of how they were mapped to the final form and then to the canonical form) can be found in the corresponding iRefWeb record. See column xxx and search for this interaction record at http://wodaklab.org/iRefWeb/.

Column number: 40 (Before-C13N-ROGID-B)

Column name: Final_ROGID_B (Changed from Final-ROGID-B by sabry)
Column type: String
Description: Unique identifier for interactor B. Before Canonicalization.
Example:
rogid:hhZYhMtr5JC1lGIKtR1wxHAd3JY83333

Notes

See notes for column 35.

Column number: 41 (After-C13N-ROGID-A)

Column name: After_C13N_ROGID_A (changed from After-C13N-ROGID-A (Canonical ROGID A) by Sabry)
Column type: String
Description: Unique identifier for the canonical group to which interactor A belongs. Column 1 is an integer equivalent to this identifier.
Example:
crogid:hhZYhMtr5JC1lGIKtR1wxHAd3JY83333

Notes

CHANGE

This column contains a universal key for the canonical group to which interactor A belongs.

Column 3 lists database names and accessions that belong to this group. Members of a canonical group do not all necessarily have the same sequence (although they all belong to the same taxon). Members of a canonical group may include splice isoform products from the same or related genes. One member of the canonical group is chosen to represent the entire group. The identifier for that canonical representative is listed in this column.

See http://irefindex.uio.no/wiki/Canonicalization for a description of canonicalization. Protein references from the original interaction record (and a description of how they were mapped to the canonical form) can be found in columns 33 - 38 as well as in the corresponding iRefWeb record. See column xxx and search for this interaction record at http://wodaklab.org/iRefWeb/.

This universal key listed here is the ROGID (redundant object group identifier) described in the original iRefIndex paper. PMID 18823568. However, an additional round of processing called canonicalization (C13N) has been performed before choosing a protein to represent this interactor. Therefore this identifier may differ from the value in column 35 (before canonicalization).

An internal, integer equivalent of this universal key appears in column 1 of this table.

If this line (entry) describes a binary interaction between two proteins, then the protein with the 'ascibetically' (ASCII value sort order) larger ROGID is listed as interactor A (see After-C13N-ROGID-A (column 41) and uidA (column 1)).

If this entry describes the membership of a protein in a complex, then the ROGID of the complex is always listed first as interactor A and the member protein's ROGID is listed second (see After-C13N-ROGID-B (column 42) and uidB (column 2)).

If this entry describes a an interaction involving only one protein type, then the ROGID of that protein is listed for both interactor A and B.

The ROGID (redundant object group identifier) for proteins, consists of the SEGUID for the protein concatenated with the taxon identifier for the protein. For complex nodes, the ROGID is calculated as the SHA-1 digest of the ROGID's of all the protein participants (after first ordering them by ASCII-based lexicographical sorting in ascending order and concatenating them) See the iRefIndex paper for details. The SEGUID is always 27 characters long. So the ROGID will be composed of 27 characters concatenated with a taxon identifier for proteins.

Column number: 42 (After-C13N-ROGID-B)

Column name: After_C13N_ROGID_B (changed from After-C13N-ROGID-B (Canonical ROGID B) by Sabry)
Column type: String
Description: Unique identifier for the canonical group to which interactor B belongs. Column 2 is an integer equivalent to this identifier.
Example:
crogid:AhmYiMtz8lR12Gixt91txbAd3JY83333

Notes

See notes for column 41.

Column number: 43 (entrezGeneIds-A)

Column name: entrezGeneIds_A (Changed from entrezGeneIds-A by Sabry)
Column type: pipe delimited list of integers or a string
Description: EntrezGene identifier(possibly a pipe-delimited list) for interactor A
Example:
947299

Notes

CHANGE

xxx discuss with Sabry

This column contains a pipe-delimited list of integers that are Entrez GeneIds. This list makes up a related gene group (RGG) that was used in the canonicalization procedure. See [Canonicalization] for more details. Briefly, EntrezGene identifiers were grouped together into related gene groups (RGGs) if they shared at least one identical protein product.

If you are looking for the specific Entrez Gene identifier for molecule A in column 1, then refer to column 3.

If no EntrezGene identifier is available for the interactor, then a ROGID will appear in this column (see notes to column 41).

If the interactor is a node representing a complex, then the ROGID for the complex will appear here.

Column number: 44 (entrezGeneIds-B)

Column name: entrezGeneIds_B (Changed from entrezGeneIds-B by Sabry)
Column type: pipe delimited list of integers or a string
Description: EntrezGene identifier(possibly a pipe-delimited list) for interactor B
Example:
948691

Notes

See notes for column 43.

Column number: 45 (MappingScoreA)

Column name: MappingScoreA
Column type: String
Description: String describing operations performed by iRefIndex procedure during mapping from original protein reference (columns 32) to the final protein reference (columns 34).
Example:
PTUO+

Notes

CHANGE

This column contains a description of mapping operations as a condensed string of letters. See the original iRefIndex paper. PMID 18823568. Protein references from the original interaction record (and a description of how they were mapped to the canonical form) can also be found in the corresponding iRefWeb record. See column xxx and search for this interaction record at http://wodaklab.org/iRefWeb/.

Sabry: For complexes this will be (includig 'NA' might confuse as it looks like a score)
 - 

Column number: 46 (MappingScoreB)

Column name: MappingScoreB
Column type: String
Description: String describing operations performed by iRefIndex procedure during mapping from original protein reference (columns 33) to the final protein reference (columns 35).
Example:
SU

Notes

See notes for column 45. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- checked

Column number: 47 (C13N-rigid)

Column name: C13N_rigid (Chnaged from C13N-rigid (Canonical RIGID) by Sabry)
Column type: string
Description: Redundant interaction group identifier
Example:
crigid:3ERiFkUFsm7ZUHIRJTx8ZlHILRA

Notes

The Canonical RIGID (for redundant interaction group identifier) consists of the canonical (C13N) ROG identifiers for each of the protein participants (see notes above) ordered by ASCII-based lexicographic sorting in ascending order, concatenated and then digested with the SHA-1 algorithm. See the iRefIndex paper for details. This identifier points to a set of redundant protein-protein interactions that involve the same set of proteins with the exact same primary sequences.

Column number: 48 (C13N-rig)

Column name: C13N_rig (Chaged from rig by Sabry)
Column type: string
Description: Redundant interaction group
Example:
irefindex:12345

Notes

CHANGE

xxx discuss with Sabry

This is an internal, integer equivalent of the C13N-RIGID. See column 47.

This integer may be used to query the iRefWeb interface for the interaction record. For example

http://wodaklab.org/iRefWeb/interaction/show/13653

where 13653 is the C13N-rig.


Starting with release 6.0, this C13N-rig is stable from one release of iRefIndex to another.

Column number: 49 (Before-C13N-rigid)

Column name: rigid
Column type: string
Description: Redundant interaction group identifier - before canonicalization (C13N).
Example:
rigid:3ERiFkUFsm7ZUHIRJTx8ZlHILRA

Notes

The RIGID (for redundant interaction group identifier) consists of the ROG identifiers for each of the protein participants (see notes above) ordered by ASCII-based lexicographic sorting in ascending order, concatenated and then digested with the SHA-1 algorithm. See the iRefIndex paper for details. This identifier points to a set of redundant protein-protein interactions that involve the same set of proteins with the exact same primary sequences.

The rigid is constructed from ROGs **before** canonicalization. This identifier can be easily and universally constructed by data providers to facilitate data integration and exchange.

Column number: 50 (imex-id)

Column name: imex_id (changed from imex-id by Sabry)
Column type: string
Description: IMEx identifier if available
Example:
imex:IM-12202-3
Example:
When no information available a dash will be used ( - )

Notes

Column number: 51 (edgetype)

Column name: edgetype
Column type: Character
Description: Does the edge represent a binary interaction (X), member of complex (C) data, or a multimer (Y)?
Example:
X

Notes

CHANGE xxx discuss with Sabry

Edges can be labelled as either X, C or Y:

X
a binary interaction with two protein participants
C
denotes that this edge is a binary expansion of interaction record that had 3 or more interactors (so-called "complex" or "n-ary" data). The expansion type is described in column 16 (expansion). In the case of iRefIndex, the expansion is always "bipartite" meaning that Interactor A (column 1) of this row represents the collection of interactors and Interactor B (column 2) represents a protein that is a member of this group.

See Understanding_the_iRefIndex_MITAB_format for further explanation.

Y
for dimers and polymers. In case of dimers and polymers when the number of subunits is not described in the original interaction record, the edge is labelled by a Y. Interactor A (column 1) will be identical to the Interactor B (column 2). The graphical representation of this will appear as a single node connected to itself (loop). The actual number of self-interacting subunits may be 2 (dimer) or more (say 5 for a pentamer). Refer to the original interaction record for more details and see column "numParticipants".


Column number: 52 (numParticipants)

Column name: numParticipants
Column type: Integer
Description: Number of participants in the interaction
Example:
2

Notes

CHANGE xxx discuss with Sabry

  • For edges labelled X (see column 21) this value will be two.
  • For edges labelled C, this value will be equivalent to the number of protein interactors in the original n-ary interaction record.
  • For interactions labelled Y, this value will either be the number of self-interacting subunits (if present in the original interaction record) or 1 where the exact number of subunits is unknown or unspecified.



Column number: 53 (interaction_name)

Column name: interaction_name
Column type: String
Description: The name of the interaction,
Example:
MTA1-HDAC core complex

Notes

CHANGE xxx discuss with Sabry

  • A name was selected from the original interaction data provided when available.
  • When no interaction name available a name was constructed using the names of the interactors (e.g.Interaction involving HCK_HUMAN and RASA1_HUMAN).